A functional resume, also known as a skills-based resume, is a type of resume format that highlights a candidate's specific skills, qualifications, and relevant achievements rather than focusing on their chronological work history.
Functional resume summaries are concise overviews at the beginning of a functional resume, highlighting an individual's key skills, qualifications, and achievements.
Unlike chronological resumes, which focus on work history in chronological order, functional resumes emphasize skills and abilities.
This makes them particularly useful for individuals with gaps in employment or those changing careers.
Career changers - When someone is transitioning to a new field and wants to emphasize their transferable skills.
Employment gaps - For individuals with gaps in their work history who wish to draw attention away from those gaps.
Frequent job changes - If a candidate has a history of multiple short-term positions and wants to showcase their skills instead of job continuity.
Contact Information - Name, phone number, email, and location.
Summary or Objective Statement - A brief overview of the candidate's career goals and skills.
Core Competencies or Skill - A list of relevant skills and qualifications.
Professional Experience - A section where specific achievements and experiences related to the skills are highlighted, but without a detailed job history.
Education - Information about academic qualifications and certifications.
Additional Sections (Optional) - Sections like certifications, awards, or volunteer work, depending on relevance.
Highlighting skills and qualifications relevant to the job.
Downplaying employment gaps or frequent job changes.
Focusing on transferable skills for career changers.
Emphasizing achievements and abilities that may not be evident in a traditional chronological resume.
Employers may view it as an attempt to hide work history, raising questions about gaps or job changes.
ATS (Applicant Tracking Systems) may have difficulty parsing and ranking skills-based resumes.
It may not be suitable for positions where a clear and specific work history is essential.
Tailor it to the job - Align the skills and achievements with the specific job you're applying for.
Use concrete examples - Provide quantifiable achievements to demonstrate your skills.
Keep it concise - Be clear and succinct in your descriptions to maintain the reader's interest.
Include a summary statement - Summarize your skills and career objectives at the beginning of the resume.
Address employment gaps - If applicable, briefly explain any gaps or job changes in your cover letter or during interviews.
Candidates who benefit most from functional resumes include those looking to change careers, individuals with extensive but unrelated work experience, and those with employment gaps they wish to minimize.