A resume is a concise document typically 1-2 pages in length that provides an overview of an individual's work experience, skills, education, and qualifications.
It is commonly used worldwide and for most job applications. Resumes are tailored to highlight specific achievements and experiences relevant to the job being applied for.
A CV (Curriculum Vitae) is a comprehensive document that provides an extensive and detailed summary of an individual's academic and professional history.
CVs are often longer than resumes and include sections on education, research, publications, presentations, awards, and more.
They are commonly used in academic, scientific, and research fields and are preferred in many countries outside the U.S.
A resume typically includes sections such as contact information, a summary or objective statement, work experience, education, skills, and additional sections like certifications, volunteer work, or languages spoken.
A CV includes sections such as contact information, a summary or objective statement, education, research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, professional affiliations, and sometimes a detailed academic and teaching history.
While the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, it's essential to use the terminology that is commonly accepted in your industry or country.
In the United States, "resume" is the standard term, while "CV" is more common in Europe and other regions.
A resume should typically be 1-2 pages in length. It should provide a concise summary of your qualifications and work history.
A CV can vary in length but is often longer than a resume. It may be multiple pages, especially in academic or research settings, where comprehensive information is required.
In a resume, personal interests are generally optional and included if they are relevant to the job.
In a CV, personal interests may be included, particularly if they demonstrate skills or attributes that are beneficial to the field.
Both resumes and CVs should be customized for each job application by emphasizing relevant skills and experiences.
For instance, if a role demands project management skills, emphasize related achievements and experiences in that domain. Adapting the document to match the job's keywords and qualifications maximizes the chances of resonating with the hiring manager's needs and preferences.
PDF is generally the preferred format for electronic submission of both resumes and CVs.
It ensures that the document's formatting remains consistent and can be opened on various devices and platforms.
However, some employers may specify a different format, so it's essential to follow their guidelines.